Even though alcohol seems harmless compared to many other drugs, it`s a psychoactive substance that slows down the nervous system functioning, affecting focus, coordination, reaction capacity, and therefore the essential psychomotor skills.
It`s imperative to emphasize that the consumption of alcohol directly affects the central nervous system, which in the first instance can provoke feelings of excitement, disinhibition, and impulsive behaviors. But when passing into the intoxication phase, it is combined with alteration of balance, coordination, and loss of heat, as well as altering the regulation of body temperature during exercise, is also proven to decrease strength, muscle tolerance, speed and directly affect the cardiovascular system.
Alcohol also acts as a diuretic which can lead to severe dehydration, in addition to producing a greater loss of vitamins and minerals essential for optimum performance. Alcohol consumption markedly reduces muscle mass and increases body fat.
The consequences of abusing alcohol can be very damaging for our body, even leading to death, since our organs can be irreversibly damaged.
Alcohol consumption can according to some studies, have a genetic load. However, the conditions in which a person develops and their way of socializing are a major factor.
Effects of alcohol on our body:
Decreased bone mass
Reduces our body’s ability to absorb nutrients
Liver Cirrhosis (in more advanced cases of alcoholism)
Increased risk of stroke
Weakens the immune system
Permanent damage to brain cells
In women, drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause birth problems for babies.
Lack of energy
Cerebral atrophy and deterioration
Euphoria that cannot be controlled
Sudden changes in mood
A very severe disorder that causes prolonged and abusive alcohol abuse is alcoholic dementia, also known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, which develops with alcohol abuse, added to the bad eating habits generating a deficiency of B1 vitamin, essential for the cells of the central nervous system.
Alcoholic dementia occurs regularly from the age of 50, but if the intake of this substance started at the age of 13 or 14, this condition may appear from the age of 30.
Symptoms of alcoholic dementia:
Changes in emotional response
Confusion and disorientation
Inability to make decisions or solve problems
Lack of interest and motivation for daily and professional activities
Unfortunately, alcohol consumption has become a severe public health problem that has high costs since we must understand that frequent consumption translates into alcoholism, a disease that attacks anyone regardless of sex, age, or socioeconomic condition that deteriorates people. physical, psychological, and social levels and that can even lead to death.
Prevention should start at an early age, with an education based on moderation and example, in addition to promoting actions that reinforce self-esteem. However, It`s essential. to understand that we are responsible for our bodies and for everything we consume. Oderatioand common sense.